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09/16/2015 Google offer 1:1 match donation to help migration crisis

This is the largest migration since world war 2.

09/10/2015 HarthiTrust

HarthiTrust.org   Harthi means elephant in Hindi. Elephants have long term memories. HarthiTrust has digital collection of 10 millions books, 2.7 millions are in public domain.  Most of its books are digitized by Google Books project.

Starting from 2004, Google digitized books from libraries. The deal was when Google returned the books, it also returned the digitized copies. All these libraries created Harthi Trust as a shared digital library - HDL  

The copyrighted books are available only by search while the pubic domain books are available for full text view. The supreme court considered the "search of all books" is very different than reading a book. Therefore, HathiTrust's copyrighted book search is a tranformative use, which is considered as "fair use". No copyright infringement.




09/09/2015 USC has raised 3 quarter million last yesr, the 3rd largest in US universities, after Harvard and Stanford
09/08/2015 Google Executive finished a marathon in 15 min ..
Google VP of Knowledge, Alan Eustace, jumped from stratosphere, 42KM (26 miles) above the sea level, in 15 minutes on Oct 24th, 2014. (Alan retired in March 2015.)  This jump is in a self-sustained system, like astronaut's suit.  Alan was lifted by a helium balloon and dropped with a parachute. If he used a capsule instead of a suit, he would be lifted by a lunching system. His suit is only 500 lb, but the capsule is 3000 lb.


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09/07/2015 The super size ipad makes sense

The smart phone becomes bigger and its resolution get better.  People start to feel that no reason to own an iPad. A super size ipad could be meaningful. It can replace personal desktop or laptop.

09/01/2015 Jetpack personal flying vehicle

http://www.martinjetpack.com

Martin Jetpack, personal flying machine developed in New Zealand.

It targets on the emergency rescue uses. The safety of the pilot may be the main concern. However,  10 years ago, when Google started driverless car research, most of people thought it was just a crazy idea from the rich kid.

09/01/2015 Most expensive house listed $140 million

In East Hampton, Long Island, Yew York.

6 bed room on 10,000 Sq ft in the main house. 4 bedroom 3500 sq ft guest house. $140 million listed price.

09/01/2015 Face recognition program for whale
Kaggle.com provides $10,000 award for developing face recognition program, not for humans, for whales.  With this program, scientists can trace individual whale without using tag.
Whith proper machine learning algorithm, the human face recognition program should be able to be "trained" to recognize whale faces. In the sane way, the machine learning algorithm should be able to be "trained" to recognize ape or monkeys faces, which have features closer to humsns'.

With fewer than 500 North Atlantic right whales left in the world's oceans, knowing the health and status of each whale is integral to the efforts of researchers working to protect the species from extinction.
In this competition (Kaggle's 3rd on right whales!), you're challenged to build a "face recognizer" for right whales so scientists on the water can identify individual whales in real time. MathWorks is sponsoring the 
competition prize pool & providing complimentary software to participants. 

North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis)













Details about the whale




08/31/2015 Google wouldn't play flash automstically

Google Chrome wouldn't play adobe's flash automstically.  2010 Steve Jobs, then CO of Apple, criticized flash as "the number one reason of its crash"

Since HTML 5.0 has good animation feature, Adobe should focus on HTML 5.0 compatible animation. As a user, I support to end flash animation.

08/30/2015 Pacific Palisades Beach View from the Bluff
10/21/2013 Google shares break $1,000 barrier as mobile pays off

Google shares break $1,000 barrier as mobile pays off

Reuters
The new Nexus 7 tablet is demonstrated during a Google event at Dogpatch Studio in San Francisco
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The new Nexus 7 tablet is demonstrated during a Google event at Dogpatch Studio in San Francisco, California, …
By Soham Chatterjee and Alexei Oreskovic
SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - Google Inc shares jumped past $1,000 on Friday as investors bet on the Internet company's continued dominance of the mobile and video advertising businesses despite aggressive competition from Facebook Inc and Yahoo Inc.
Shares of the world's No. 1 search company rose more than 14 percent to an all-time high of $1,015.46, swelling its market value by about $40 billion.
That vaulted Google past Microsoft Corp and Berkshire Hathaway Inc in capitalization and brought it to No. 3 among U.S. companies, behind only Apple Inc and Exxon Mobil Corp.
Google, whose Android is the world's most-used mobile software and YouTube is the most popular video-streaming service, on Thursday reported a 23 percent jump in net revenue from its Internet business. Advertising volume soared 26 percent - the highest rate of growth in the past year - and more than made up for an 8 percent slide in ad prices.
But given concerns about how U.S. companies can increase revenue in an uncertain global economy, those numbers suggested Google was firing on all cylinders except for its perennially money-losing Motorola unit, analysts said.
"Google's ownership of the Android ecosystem makes Google like the house, in Vegas terms," said Stifel Nicolaus analyst Jordan Rohan. "The success of Android, which becomes more and more popular every day, is starting to really add up, and Google is collecting small tolls along the way."
Rohan said accelerating revenue growth outside the United States and the UK was impressive, particularly in South Korea and Japan. "That could go on a while," he said.
At least 16 brokerages raised their price targets on the stock to between $880 and $1,220. The shares were up 13.7 percent, or $121.82, at $1010.62 on Nasdaq at mid-afternoon.
"We view solid paid clicks growth to be a good indicator of demand, driven by the continued shift to mobile," JPMorgan analysts said. They had expected 21.5 percent growth in ad volumes.
BEWARE ...
While much of Wall Street raised their price targets to above $1,000, Brian Wieser of Pivotal Research Group kept his at $880 and rated Google a hold.
Some analysts warn that spending on ambitious projects with as-yet unproven commercial potential - self-driving cars and wearable Google Glass being among them - may erode margins. Wieser estimated that, excluding traffic acquisition costs, gross margins slipped to 34.9 percent in the third quarter from 37.2 percent in the previous three months.
Facebook and Twitter Inc, which will soon raise $1 billion or more in this year's most-anticipated initial public offering, may also increasingly grab smaller customers from Google.
And then there is Motorola - which only recently began selling the vastly customizable Moto X smartphone in a bid to reverse years of losses and finally generate growth. Sales numbers are not yet available but reviews generally dismiss the device's chances of displacing, say, the iPhone.
Motorola, acquired by Google in 2012, racked up a loss of $218 million before items in the third quarter, more than four times the $49 million it lost a year earlier.
"While we acknowledge that most investors will look at Google more positively following this quarter, we think that over time issues such as margin erosion, competition and capital intensity will eventually impact the stock," Wieser said, explaining his below-average price target.
A STUDY IN CONTRASTS
Google's Friday rally stemmed in part from investors' focus on Facebook and its own increasingly successful efforts to sell advertising on mobile devices. Google stock had gained just 26 percent this year, while Facebook's has almost doubled.
Google and Facebook, which is expected to report its third-quarter results on October 30, also stand head-and-shoulders above the likes of Yahoo. The once-dominant Internet portal this week reported a tepid quarter, losing market share in display and search advertising.
Facebook rose 3.6 percent to $54.08 on Friday, while Yahoo was up 2 percent at $33.40. Baidu Inc, often called China's Google, gained 7.1 percent to $164.78.
Some say Google still has room for improvement. JPMorgan analysts said continued efforts to counter declines in ad rates might yield a major opportunity in the upcoming holiday season.
Google this year rolled out a service to help advertisers promote their products on a mix of smartphones, tablets and desktops. The move is also expected to bolster Google's overall advertising rates by mitigating the impact of mobile ads, which command lower rates.
Others say YouTube's potential remains only partly tapped. Ads on the site increased more than 75 percent in the quarter, with 40 percent of traffic now coming from mobile devices.
"We estimate that Google's key YouTube asset generated approximately $4 billion in revenue in 2012, positioning Google extremely well for the strong growth in video advertising," RBC Capital Markets analysts wrote.
10/11/2013 2013 Nobel Prize In Physiology Or Medicine
2013 Nobel Laureate in Medicine or Physiology Randy W. Schekman of the University of California, Berkeley2013 Nobel Laureate in Medicine or Physiology James E. Rothman of Yale University2013 Nobel Laureate in Medicine or Physiology Thomas C. Südhof of Stanford University

For their discoveries related to the machinery that regulates the cellular transport system, which is critical to cell functioning,James E. RothmanRandy W. Schekman, and Thomas C. Südhof were awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Cells move molecules around using tiny membrane-enclosed packages called vesicles. This year’s Nobel Laureates, who will share the $1.2 million prize, discovered how cells get those vesicles to their intended destination at the intended time.
The three winners discovered different aspects of the system. Schekman discovered a set of genes required for vesicle transport. Rothman determined the proteins that allow vesicles to fuse with their targets and thus transfer materials. Südhof discovered the signals that tell vesicles when to release their cargo.
Schekman, a cell biologist at the University of California, Berkeley, developed a genetic screen of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to determine the genes that regulate vesicle trafficking. By using yeast with defective transport systems, he was able to determine where vesicle traffic backed up. With this information, he identified 23 key genes, which can be divided into three classes that control vesicles at the Golgi complex, the endoplasmic reticulum, or the cell surface.
Rothman, a cell biologist at Yale University, determined that proteins known as SNARE (solubleN-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor-activating protein receptor) allow vesicles to fuse with their target membranes. These proteins had already been discovered by others, but their function was unknown. Rothman determined that these proteins interact with high specificity: The SNARE protein on a particular target membrane is able to interact with only one or a few vesicle SNARE proteins.
Südhof, a biochemist at Stanford University, identified the genes that are responsible for controlling the timing of vesicle fusion, particularly those involved in the release of neurotransmitters. He discovered how calcium regulates neurotransmitter release and that two proteins—complexin and synaptotagmin-1—are key players in calcium-mediated vesicle fusion. Synaptotagmin-1 acts as a calcium sensor during synaptic fusion. Complexin acts as a clamp during synaptic fusion to make sure that regulated exocytosis occurs instead of the vesicle simply being incorporated into the cell membrane.
Glitches in vesicle transport are associated generally with some human diseases, such as diabetes. Mutations in genes associated with the protein machinery are involved in specific diseases. For example, mutations in one of the genes are involved in certain forms of epilepsy.
10/11/2013 Nobel Prize in chemistry honors 3 for computer modeling research Arieh Warshel of USC, Michael Levitt of Stanford and Martin Karplus of Harvard are recognized for their pioneering use of computer modeling programs in studying chemical reactions.
As a chemistry professor at USC, Arieh Warshel says he sometimes finds it difficult to convince his fellow scientists that computers have a place in experimental fields like his own.
Many people, he laments, use them to make or watch movies, "but not to understand."
Though Warshel may hold a minority view on a campus with strong ties to Hollywood — visitors to his laboratory's website are informed that his animated computer simulations are not available on Netflix — he got a huge endorsement Wednesday from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in the form of a Nobel Prize.
Warshel, Michael Levitt of Stanford University and Martin Karplus of Harvard University were awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in chemistry for their pioneering use of computer modeling programs to help predict and illustrate complex chemical reactions.
The longtime collaborators and close friends will share about $1.2 million in prize money for devising programs that blend elements of classical chemistry with the strange and dualistic realm of quantum physics.
Their work, which began in the 1970s, has revolutionized chemistry and biochemistry research to the point that some scientists now conduct as much of their work on computers as they do in the lab with beakers and test tubes.
Though much of this change has occurred outside the public eye, members of the academy said it had led to a deeper understanding of molecules essential for life, as well as those used for pharmaceuticals, energy production and other industrial purposes.
"Chemical reactions occur at lightning speed," the academy said in its announcement. "In a fraction of a millisecond, electrons jump from one atomic nucleus to the other. Classical chemistry has a hard time keeping up. … Aided by the methods now awarded with the Nobel Prize in chemistry, scientists let computers unveil chemical processes."
At Stanford, Levitt said he was thrilled to see that the contribution of computers to chemistry and biology research was finally being recognized. He said the approach he has championed for about 40 years was just now coming into its own.
"As somebody who never really worked in a lab, it's very nice to see that computers have this place to play," he said.
Levitt, 66, drew a parallel with the aircraft industry.

"Thirty or 40 years ago, airliners were designed by engineers in wind tunnels. Now it's all done by computer," Levitt said. "I think we're going to get that way in biology and chemistry."

At his home in Cambridge, Mass., Karplus told a Harvard Gazette reporter that well-wishers had been asking him to explain his work in "simple terms."
"If you like how a machine works, you take it apart," said the 83-year-old Vienna native, who also has an appointment at the University of Strasbourg in France. "We do that for molecules."
In the 1970s, chemists relied on three-dimensional models of molecules — Tinker Toy-looking assemblies of sticks and balls — and X-ray crystallography to divine the shape of molecules and study their interactions.
Even when scientists began using computer programs in the 1970s, limits in processing power forced them to focus on small molecules. They also had to choose between using classical or quantum theories of physics.
To address these problems, the three chemists came up with computer modeling programs that were able to use both. By applying quantum calculations to the most chemically active portions of interacting molecules, and classical equations to less dynamic areas, they were able to calculate plausible reactions that could then be tested in actual experiments.
Their methods are currently being used to optimize the efficiency of solar cells and improve catalysts that "clean" the exhaust fumes of motor vehicles. Warshel made particular mention of the fact that computers can help pharmaceutical researchers find ways to "outsmart" a virus, such asHIV, that mutates in response to a drug treatment.
Much of the prize winners' early work was conducted in Israel, where Warshel and Karplus worked together on a powerful computer called Golem. The device was named after a creature in Jewish folklore who is brought to life from mud.
Warshel, who, like Levitt, has U.S. and Israeli citizenship, said one of the first congratulatory phone calls he received Wednesday was from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
Warshel, 72, said the prime minister did not understand the nature of the professor's work, but after a one-minute explanation he came to recognize its significance.
"Netanyahu told me that from now on he was going to force all his ministers to say whatever it was they wanted to tell him in just one minute," Warshel said, eliciting laughter from a crowd gathered at USC's Town and Gown Ballroom.
Meanwhile, theoretical chemists across the globe were basking in the new recognition of in silico, or computer simulated, research.
"I'm super excited," said James Skinner, a theoretical chemist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "Chemistry is basically an experimental field, and I think experimentalists sometimes were just skeptical that theorists could make a contribution."
Computer analysis is particularly helpful in studying large protein molecules, which consist of tens of thousands of atoms. John Straub, a computational chemist at Boston University, said that only with a computer could researchers create a model "that has a remarkable level of detail that can't really be captured by theory or experiment."
Asked what made him persevere for decades, even when his field received little recognition, Warshel shrugged.
"I had nothing else to do," he said.
10/11/2013 Nobel Prize in Physics Awarded for Theories on Mass, Tied to Higgs Boson
File:Standard Model of Elementary Particles.svg




Just about a year after the discovery of the elusive "God particle," the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded Peter Higgs and François Englert with the Nobel Prize in Physics today.
The prize isn't for the discovery of the Higgs boson itself, but for the physicists proposing two independent theories about how particles acquire mass.
Surprisingly, Englert and Higgs had never met each other until recently, despite working in the same field and creating theories that tried to explain the same thing. "The first time I saw him was at the Fourth of July conference at CERN [in 2012]," said Englert at a news conference today, referring to the European particle physics laboratory. When asked what he would say to Higgs when he saw him again, Englert said, "Of course I'm going to congratulate him."
Like this year's Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, the physics prize was rewarded to research done several decades ago. Both Englert and Higgs published their initial theories of particles acquiring mass in 1964. But it was only as recently as last year that physicists at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN were able to put the theory to the test, observing a particle that fit the description of the Higgs boson.
The so-called "Standard Model" of particle physics explains how subatomic particles like electrons and quarks interact with one another. While much of the Standard Model neatly falls into place thanks to the existence of the Higgs boson, there are still other problems that physicists are looking into to figure out why the universe is the way it is.
The topics of dark matter and dark energy are still at the forefront puzzles that physicists are looking to solve, Englert added. However, Englert said that there is one problem that he sees above all the rest.
"In my opinion, the most fundamental problem that is not solved today ... is the problem of the quantization of gravity," he said, referring to the fact that physicists have yet to come up with a viable framework to seamlessly integrate Einstein's General Theory of Relativity with the Standard Model of particle physics.
09/19/2013 Stephen Hawking New Book

A brief history of me: Professor Stephen Hawking has a written a memoir without any help thanks to new technology

  • Renowned scientist will give fans an unprecedented insight into his life
  • For the first time he wrote a book without assistance
  • The book will feature details on his childhood and family
Renowned scientist Stephen Hawking is releasing a memoir that will provide a warts-and-all insight into his remarkable life.
The book, My Brief History, is the first that Hawking, who suffers from Motor Neuron Disease, has written entirely on his own thanks to the development of new technology.
Hawking is one of the most famous scientists in the world and a wildly successful author. A Brief History of Time has sold more than 10 million copies in 40 languages.
Instead of writing his usual brilliant books about the cosmos, Stephen Hawking is now publishing one about his life
Instead of writing his usual brilliant books about the cosmos, Stephen Hawking is now publishing one about his life
The publishers describe My Brief History as 'his most personal book to date' and said it will deal with how A Brief History of Time came into being, as well as details about his childhood in post-war London, his years at Oxford and Cambridge as his illness developed, his marriages, family and intellectual passions, reports the Independent.

09/19/2013 Papal Selfie
09/19/2013 Nintendo's Yamauchi died at 85


TOKYO (Reuters) - Former Nintendo Co Ltd President Hiroshi Yamauchi, who built the company into a video game giant from a maker of playing cards during more than half a century at the helm, died on Thursday of pneumonia, the company said. He was 85.

Yamauchi was the third-generation head of the family-run business, founded in the ancient Japanese capital of Kyoto in 1889 as a maker of playing cards, and served as president from 1949 until 2002. He was an executive adviser to the company at the time of his death.

Under his leadership, the company developed the Famicom home game console and the Game Boy handheld player that helped to usher in the era of home game machines, which in more recent years has been dominated by Nintendo's Wii, Sony Corp's PlayStation, Microsoft Corp's Xbox.

Yamauchi was listed by Forbes magazine as Japan's richest man just five years ago, when Nintendo was flying high with the launch of the Wii with its motion-sensing controller, although the company's fortunes have since faded as smartphones displace consoles among gamers. His net worth at that time was estimated at $7.8 billion.

He was ranked 13th on the latest Forbes Japan list released this year, with an estimated net worth of $2.1 billion.

Yamauchi bought the Seattle Mariners U.S. major league baseball team in 1992 when the franchise was struggling, although it was later taken over by Nintendo of America Inc.

(Reporting by Nobuhiro Kubo and Edmund Klamann; Editing by Robert Birsel)

09/11/2013 Yahoo Inc Chief Executive Marissa Mayer said the Internet company now has more than 800 million monthly active users

Yahoo Inc Chief Executive Marissa Mayer said the Internet company now has more than 800 million monthly active users, which she said represented 20 percent growth.

Speaking at the TechCrunch Disrupt conference in San Francisco on Wednesday, Mayer said the 8

09/11/2013 Facebook shares break $45 for first time since 2012 IPO
stock chart

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - Shares of Facebook Inc rose more than 3 percent to a new high Wednesday, valuing the world's No. 1 social network at $106 billion, as investors focused on its recent mobile advertising advances ahead of a speech by its chief executive.
The stock touched $45 at 1:50 p.m. ET and briefly hit $45.07 shortly after 2 p.m. on the Nasdaq - highs not seen since May 18, 2012, the day of Facebook's initial public offering. It closed at $45.04.
CEO Mark Zuckerberg is expected to speak later Wednesday at the Techcrunch Disrupt conference in San Francisco.
JMP Securities analyst Ronald Josey said investors expect Zuckerberg to discuss future video ad products as well as plans to make money from its Instagram unit. The mobile photo app, acquired in 2012 by Facebook, is popular with young people but does not carry any advertising.
The stock's new intraday high is the latest milestone in its year-long recovery from fears that Facebook would struggle to make money from mobile users at a time when young people go online mostly through their smartphones.
The sentiment changed completely on July 24 when Facebook said its mobile advertising revenue grew 75 percent in the second quarter, trouncing analyst targets and delivering the company's strongest revenue growth since the third quarter of 2011.
The stock has risen 67 percent since then.
"The second quarter was the turning point when a lot of their work over the last year with the newsfeed came through," Josey said, referring to the format of Facebook updates that also carry mobile ads.
"Mobile is very hard to get audience at scale and Facebook is proving that it's one of those places where advertisers can go to reach eyeballs."
Facebook has said it expects sales and user growth for its mobile apps to outpace its desktop website.
Facebook options also traded heavily on Wednesday.
A total of 317,000 calls and 131,000 puts in Facebook changed hands on Wednesday, above its recent combined daily average of 355,000 contracts, according to options analytics firm Trade Alert.
The weekly $45 strike calls expiring this Friday as well as the September $44 and October $45 strike calls are among the busiest options.
"But one play in the options market appears to be making a 'cheap' bet that the recent run higher is overdone," said WhatsTrading.com options strategist Frederic Ruffy.
The top trade on Facebook on Wednesday was a 10,250-lot of September $39 strike puts, which were bought for 7 cents per contract as a new position. The contract, which is out-of-the-money, expires at the end of next week and would be profitable if shares fall below $38.93, Ruffy said.
09/10/2013 iPhone History
Apple announced two new iPhones on Tuesday, its seventh and eighth models since the iPhone made its debut in 2007. Here are details on the past iPhone releases, along with the new ones.
— iPhone, June 29, 2007, starting in the U.S. (announced Jan. 9)
— iPhone 3G, July 11, 2008, starting in the U.S., Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the U.K. (announced June 9)
— iPhone 3GS, June 19, 2009, starting in the U.S. (announced June 8)
— iPhone 4, June 24, 2010, starting in the U.S., France, Germany and Japan and the U.K. (announced June 7).
— iPhone 4S, Oct. 14, 2011, starting in the U.S., Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan and the U.K. (announced Oct. 4).
— iPhone 5, Sept. 21, 2012, starting in the U.S., Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore and the U.K. (announced Sept. 12).
— iPhone 5C, Sept. 20, 2013, starting in the U.S., Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Puerto Rico, Singapore and the U.K. (announced Tuesday).
— iPhone 5S, Sept. 20, 2013, starting in the U.S., Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Puerto Rico, Singapore and the U.S. (announced Tuesday).


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